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Foot, Ankle, Knee, Leg & Hip

Injury & Accident

X rayFoot, ankle, knee, leg and hip injuries occur every day. Causes of these injuries include repetitive job duties, slip/trip and fall accidents, boat and automobile collisions, falling objects and work-related accidents. These injuries can result in fractures, ligament damage, carpal tunnel syndrome, dislocated and diseased joints, nerve damage, as well as, muscle problems. The attorneys at the law firm of Brais Law Firm with offices in Miami, Florida, Boston, Massachusetts and Houston, Texas realize a lawyer’s job is to help clients on their road to recovery.


Fractures can be caused by direct blows, twisting injuries or falls. Fractures are often easy to diagnose because there can be an obvious deformity. At times, however, fractures cannot be easily diagnosed. It is important for the physician to take a history of the injury to decide what potential problems might exist. Moreover, fractures don't always occur in isolation, and there may be associated injuries that need to be addressed. The type of force applied on a bone very often determines the type of resulting injury. Descriptions of fractures can be confusing, but are based upon:

  • Where the break occurs,
  • How the bone fragments are aligned, and
  • Whether any complications exist.

The first step in describing a fracture is whether it is open or closed. If the skin over the break is disrupted, then an open fracture exists. The skin can be cut, torn or abraded (scraped), but if the skin's integrity is damaged, the potential for an infection to get into the bone exists. Since the fracture site in the bone communicates with the outside world, these injuries need to be cleaned out aggressively and many times require anesthesia in the operating room to do the job effectively.

Nerve Damage

Nerve damage causes neuropathic pain which is a chronic complex pain state that usually is accompanied by tissue injury. With neuropathic pain, the nerve fibers themselves may be damaged, dysfunctional or injured. These damaged nerve fibers send incorrect signals to other pain centers. The impact of nerve fiber injury includes a change in nerve function both at the site of injury and areas around the injury.

Symptoms of neuropathic pain include shooting and burning sensations as well as tingling and numbness of the body’s extremities. One example of neuropathic pain is called phantom limb syndrome. This occurs when an arm or a leg has been removed because of illness or injury, but the brain still gets pain messages from the nerves that originally carried impulses from the missing limb. These nerves now misfire and cause pain.

Neuropathic pain often seems to have no obvious cause; but, some common causes of neuropathic pain include:

  • Fractures
  • Joint Dislocation
  • Amputation
  • Spinal Surgery
Muscle Damage

Muscle damage generally causes the muscle to spasm or cramp. Muscle spasms or cramps are an involuntary contraction of a muscle. These occur suddenly, usually resolve quickly, and are often painful.

Spasms can occur when a muscle is overused and tired, particularly if it is overstretched or if it has been held in the same position for a prolonged period of time. In effect, the muscle cell runs out of energy and fluid and becomes hyper excitable and develops a forceful contraction. This spasm may involve part of a muscle, the whole muscle, or even adjacent muscles. Overuse as a cause of skeletal muscle spasm is often seen in workers who are doing strenuous activities in a hot environment. Usually, these spasms will occur in the large muscles that are being asked to do the work.

It is also commonly thought that dehydration and depletion of electrolytes will lead to muscle spasm and cramping. Muscle requires enough water, glucose, sodium, potassium, calcium, and magnesium to allow the proteins within muscle cells to interact and develop an organized contraction. Abnormal levels of these elements can cause the muscle to become irritable and spasm.

Atherosclerosis, or narrowing of the arteries, may also lead to muscle spasm and cramps because adequate blood supply and nutrients are not able to be delivered to the appropriate muscle. Leg spasms are often seen related to exercise but cramps may also be seen at night involving calf and toe muscles.

If you suffered an injury to your foot, ankle, knee, leg or hip and would like to discuss your legal rights, do not hesitate to contact us. The attorneys at the law firm of Brais Law Firm have the experience to protect your rights, the compassion to serve your needs, and the skill to obtain the compensation you deserve. To reach our lawyers you may click email the firm, call 800-499-0551 from within the U.S., Skype BraisLaw worldwide or click Contact Us to select and complete a form for a free evaluation of your case.

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Client Reviews
After my accident I contacted them right away. I was able to see them the same day and was kept in contact throughout the process. Everyone in the office was very accommodating, polite and professional. I highly recommend Brais Law and think very highly of their lead attorneys. They helped me WIN my case, and I am forever grateful. They went above and beyond to assist me. Thank you all so very much. H.S.
The entire law firm of Brais Law were extremely helpful in handling my snorkeling accident. The firm takes customer service to a new level, not only being readily available, but courteous, respectful, sympathetic, and empathetic. The firm, especially Keith and Karla, were always quick to return calls, offer updates, and provide guidance and information. There is no comparison when it comes to firms. If you need legal advice or representation, especially concerning maritime events, contact Keith and his crew first and save yourself a lot of time and heartache! J.C.
I was looking to refer a client injured on a cruise ship and had the pleasure of speaking to Keith. Keith was extremely helpful and he took time out of his day to provide some guidance. If you're looking for a Admiralty & Maritime /Personal Injury Lawyer in Florida, I would highly recommend Brais Law Firm! T.C.